By Prof Chris Willmore, Professor of Sustainability and Law (University of Bristol Law School).
When accidents happen, supporting those affected should be everyone’s first step. But then, rapidly, we need to ask two further questions:
- how can we prevent future accidents (causation)?
- who is responsible (liability)?
This blog suggests we are not effectively distinguishing between these two questions, and this may undermine the effectiveness of the investigations now under way. (more…)
By Dr Sofia Galani, Lecturer in Law (University of Bristol Law School).
On Thursday, 13 April 2017, the European Court of Human Rights released one of the most anticipated decisions in the Court’s history – the Tagayeva and Others v Russia case. The judgment concerned the siege of the Beslan School, North Ossetia by Chechen fighters in September 2004 and the ensuing rescue operation by the Russian forces. During these tragic incidents, 330 people lost their lives, including more than a hundred children. Almost 180 of the victims were burnt to an extent that the identification of the remains and establishment of the cause of death were impossible.
The purpose of this blog is to summarise the key findings of the Court’s 239-page decision and provide a brief overview of the human rights obligations of states in the context of hostage-taking as discussed by the Court. Although this hostage-taking incident was of an unprecedented scale, terrorist groups have never stopped taking hostages within or outside Europe, and as a result European states have been involved in a number of rescue operations. Therefore, this judgment can help clarify the obligations that states have before, during and after a hostage-taking incident occurs. (more…)